Charles's contemporaries in the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Trento
Cast medal n. d. (1518/19) by Hans Schwarz. Ø 62,5 mm , 103,6 g. Kastenholz 40 (64 mm).
Obv.: ✱BERNARDVS·EPiscopuS·TRIDENTINVS·AETATIS·XXXV - Bust to the left.
Rev.: ✱G·V·D W·I·S·M·A·L·M·S·P·M·Z·V·I = first letters of a Berhard-motto in German?
Inful and two coats of arms as below. Above incus date 15 - 19, below bundle of rods and VNITAS.
The medal, at least its preliminary drawing, was created during the Diet of Augsburg in 1518.
Cast medal 1520 by Hans Schwarz. Ø 54 mm. Kastenholz 98.
Specimen in the coin cabinet from the Kunsthistorische Museum, Vienna.
Bust left between date M·D - XX·
Rev.: OMNE·REGNVM·INSEDIVISVM·DISOLABITVRᕠM·D·XXᕠ - Similar to next piece.
This medal was the model for the following coin.
Thick thaler 1520, Hall. Ø 34 mm, 27,73 g. M/T.98; CNI VI p.222 n.1; Dav.8207 (without fig.)
Dies by Ulrich Ursentaler the Elder.
Obv.: +BERNARD9us EPiscopuS·TRIDENTIN9us ETATIS·SVE·XXXVII "... in his 37th year"
Bust to the left with beret and folded coat.
"Any dominion will perish as soon as it is divided"
Arms of diocese of Trento and bishop's family leaning against each other; above a miter between the date I5 - Z0; below bundle of rods (not arrows), wrapped in a tape, on it VN - IT - AS.
Double thaler 1531, Hall Ø 45 mm, 52,4 g. M/T.101; Schulten 4552; Dav.8210
Obv.: (1) BERNARDus·DIVIna (2) MISERATione·SanCTaE·ROmanae (3) ECCLEsiae·TITVli·SanCTI
bust to the left, in the field on both sides MD - XXXI.
Rev.: + STEPHAni·IN CELIO·MONTe·PresByteR·CARDInalis·ET·EPiscopPVS·TRIDENtinus:
Quartered shield, in the field I5 - 3I, above a cardinal's hat with hanging tassels.
Legend on both sides: "Bernard out of divine mercy presbyter of the Holy Roman Title Church of St. Stefano in Celio Monte [Rome], Cardinal and Bishop of Trent".
Bartholomäus Bruyn the Elder Ä. painted Bernard and a bell with his coat of arms:
Cast medal n. d. (1547). Ø 45 mm. Armand II 183/14 (42 mm).
Obv.: CHRISTO·EX·BARONIBS·MADRVCI·ETA·SVE·XXXV - Bust to the right.
Under the cardinal's hat the quartered shield with 2x eagle (Diocese of Trient),
God's lamb (Diocese of Brixen), eagle with bishop's staff (Cathedral chapter of Brixen),
middle shield (squared: Nero/Sparrenberg families) and central arms (Madruzzo family).
Medal 1552 by Pietro Paolo Galeotti (il Romano) Ø 35 mm.
Armand I 231/20 & II 297; Kress 352.
Head to the left, below PPR·1552
Rev.: On the right a woman stands on a pedestal at the edge of a river and points both to the sun and to its reflection on the water.
Bronze medal n. d. (about 1555) by Pietro Paolo Galeotti (il Romano) Ø 72 mm, 103,7 g.
Armand I 236/43 (71 mm). Specimen from Robert Lehman Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y..
Bust to the left.
Rev.: On the left a woman stands on a pedestal at the edge of a lake and points to the sun and its reflection on the water.
Madruzzo ordered a total of six medals with his portrait from Galeotti.
Cast bronze medal n. d., about 1556 by ANN(?) Ø 60 mm. Armand I 177/1; Attwood 108.
Obv.: CHRISTophorus·MADRVcius·CARDINalis· - EPIScopus·ET·PRINceps·TRIDENti·ET·BRIXiae -
Bust to the left, under the arm section: ANN.
Rev.: STATVS·MEDIOLanensis·RESTITVTORI·OPTIMO - SECVRITAS·PADI
"to the best restorer of the state of Milan"
Figure at the altar extends his hand to a seated warrior. In the foreground, the river god Po with urn.
Look at a nicer cast in lead of the obverse, Ø 61 mm, 30,10 g.
Bronze medal n. d. (1570) by Lorenzo Fragni (Parmense) Ø 41,4 mm, 15,64 g.
Armand I 278/1; Attwood 998; Toderi/Vannel 2301.
Minted 1570, possibly on the occasion of an appointment as Bishop of Ostia [Toderi/Vannel].
Bust with beret to the left, below LAV.PAR [Laurentius Parmense = Lorenzo Fragni (1538-1619), medalist].
Rev.: ·REVIXIT· "He has risen again"
Phoenix stands on a smoking pile of wood, above it a laurel and palm leaf wreath (left) and a loop (right),
each with the monogram LP. LP = Laurentius Parmense.
cast Bronze medal n. d. (about 1578) by Pietro Paolo Romano.
Ø 45,62 mm, 30,49 g. Armand I 231/19 (under Galeotti); Attwood 831a.
Possibly on the afterlife.
Obv.: CHRISTOPHORus·MADRVCIVS·CARdinalis·AC·PRINceps·TRIDENTInus·BRIXINensis Que EPiscopuS / PETRVS·PAVLVS·ROManus· - Bust to the left.
Rev.: Phoenix rising from ashes, sun shining above and V - E - V
below banner: VT VIVAT.
Medal n. d. by Pietro Paolo Galeotti (il Romano) Ø 44 mm, Armand I 231/17; Kress 353.
Specimen of the Kress Collection in the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Obv.: just like before.
Rev.: Ships in a port that is locked by a chain; in front of it Neptune on the back of a dolphin, with his left hand on the harbor chain. Armand recognizes the signature P.P.RO. on the reverse.