Coinage on the occasion of sieges in the 16th century
here continuation: 1543-1567
Emergency money from William V of Jülich-Berg, 1543
Siege of Leipzig, 1547
Siege of Magdeburg, 1550-51
Siege of Metz, 1552
The Second Margravial War, 1552-54
Siege and capture of Gotha, 1567
(of back to: Sieges 1515-1530)
One-sided emergency klippe for one thaler, 1543. 34x34 mm, 29,27 g.
Brause-Mansfeld pl.12,2; Noss 285,
struck by Duke Wilhelm during the war for the Duchy of Guelders.
Obv.: uncrowned, double-tailed lion to the left, between date 4 - 3, surrounded by
a coat of arms-like border.
Ref.: Hartwig Neumann, Die Jülicher Notklippen von 1543, 1610, 1621/22. Jülich 1974. Extract: PDF
Golden emergency klippe of a ducat 1547, Leipzig. 14x14 mm, 3,54 g.
Brause-Mansfeld pl.16,6; Keilitz 261; Friedb.2623,
minted by Maurice of Saxony during the siege in Leipzig by Johann Friedrich of Saxony.
Obv.: × | ○M○ | H·Z·S○ "Moritz Herzog Zu Sachsen"
Shield between decorations, surrounded by a laurel wreath.
Rev.: × | ○H○ | HFRI | ○BELEG | ERT○LEIP○ | ZIG○MENS | IAN:AN○ | MDXL | VII
"Duke Hans Friedrich besieges Leipzig in January 1547" - laurel wreath all around.
Both opponents are named dukes. One of them is still an elector. The other one will be.
Thaler klippe 1547, Leipzig. 41x41 mm, 29,39 g. Brause-Mansfeld pl.16,8; Schnee 672.
Saxon coat of arms between the divided date 15 - 47,
above the initials MHZS (Moritz Herzog Zu Sachsen), below in a circle an L (for Leipzig).
After 21 days, this siege ended unsuccessfully. The decision in the Schmalkaldic War was not reached until April 24, 1547 in the Battle of Mühlberg.
Gulden 1551, necessary money. Ø 35 mm, 15,29 g.
Brause-Mansfeld pl.17,10; v.Schr.901/904; Schildm.pl.8-2.
City gate, above it a maid (maiden) with a raised wreath between two towers.
Rev.: +VERBVM DOMINI MAnet IN AETERnum 1·5·5·1
Contemporary motto "The word of the Lord endures forever" - large Magdeburg rose.
Interimsthaler n.d. (1549-51). Ø 41 mm, 28,75 g. v.Schr.948; Schildm.pl.8-2; Dav.9445.
Obv.: ¤ PACKE·DIch·SATHANus DV·INTERIM· "Grab yourself, Satan of the interim"
The Saviour summons a dragon (the Interim) with several heads (angel's, pope's, Turk's head).
Rev.: ¤ DIT·IS·MeIN LEVEr·SON·DEN·Solt·GIr·HOren
"This is my dear son whom you should follow"
Baptism of Christ in the Jordan by John the Baptist, with the Holy Spirit as a dove above.
For the spitting grimace on the dragon's abdomen, compare a demon with several grimaces in Stefan Lochner's painting The Last Judgement.
The siege of Magdeburg in 1629 by Wallenstein also was unsuccessful.
Medal 1552. Bronze Ø 38 mm, 11,4 g. Mazerolle II,329; Jones 58.
Obv.: HENRICO II FRANCorum Regi CHRISTIANISsimo OPTimi PRINCIPIs
"Henry II, King of France, most Christian prince" - crowned bust of the king.
( Christianissimus = Most Christian, title of the kings of France since Louis XI, bestowed by the popes.)
Obv.: METae / LIBER OBSIDeo / CAR V IMP ET GE / RM OPPVGno FRANCisco / A LOTHORingia DVCE / GVISiae FOELICISsime / PROPVGnante / 15(Metz-arms)52
"free Metz, besieged by the German Emperor Charles V, happily protected by
François de Lorraine, Duc de Guise"
Medal 1552. Ø 52 mm. Mazerolle II,408; Jones I,227.
Obv.: FRANCISCVS - DVX GVISIVS - Bust portrait to the right in armor.
Rev.: I552·HÆC·TIBI·META· View of the fortified city of Metz.
Metis haec tibi meta datur = The city of Metz has become for you (i.e. Charles V) and your "forward" (plus ultra) a bruising stone and a target (meta).
The medal celebrates François de Lorraine, duc de Guise (1519-63), who defended the city of Metz in 1552 against the siege by Emperor Charles. V. in 1552.
François de Lorraine was a brother of Archbishop and Cardinal Charles de Lorraine-Guise.
Bronze medal 1552. Ø 38 mm. Mazerolle II,408; Jones(1982) I,p.74.57.
Specimen in the British Museum
Obv.: OB SERV ΜΕ TIM ET FRAN PROCERES CA ROLO V IMP ET GERM OBSID 1552
( ob servatos Metim et Franciae proceres, Carolo V imperatore et Germanis obsidentibus 1552 )
"... for saving Metz and the leading citizens of France, from the siege laid by Charles V, Emperor and the Germans"
Rev.: MARS DEDIT GRA MINEAM PERGE REDDET REGIAS HIEROSOL ET SICIL TVORVM PROAVO RVM ORNAMENTA H II FR IVSSV
"Mars gave a gramineal (grassy) wreath ... he will give back the kingdoms of Jerusalem and Sicily the ornaments of your ancestors, by order of Henri II King of France"
Notes: This seems to be a contemporary struck piece. The duc de Guise's successful defence of Metz against Charles V (31.10.1552 - 1.1.1553) left the bishoprics of Metz, Toul and Verdun in the hands of the French.
One-sided thaler klippe, 1553. 40x38 mm, 28,82 g. Brause-Mansfeld pl.3,8; v.Schr.778.
Stamp with A.M.Z.B. "Albrecht, Markgraf zu Brandenburg"
and a sign for Zollern between the date 15 - 53.
One-sided 1/2 thaler klippe, 1553. 45 mm, 14,03 g. Brause-Mansfeld pl.3,5; v.Schr.758a.
Stamp, shield and date as before
Johann Friedrich II, 1557-67, as a besieged man
Emergency klippe 1567 for 3 Groschen, Gotha. 18x18 mm. Tentzel pl.16/11; Brause-Mansfeld pl.11/2.
Obv.: H HF G K - above the Saxon coat of arms, date divided on the left and right.
According to Tentzel, the initials stand for: "Hertzog Hanß Friedrich Gebohrner Kurfürst".
Johann Friedrich II thus emphasised the Ernestine line's claim to the title of elector.
Rev.: Information on the value.
Elector Augustus, 1553-86, victorious in the capture of Gotha
Thaler 1567, Dresden. Ø 40 mm, 28,91 g. Schnee 717; Dav.9800.
Obv.: *TANDEM*BONA*CAVSA*TRIVMPHAT "The good cause finally wins"
Arms of the Electorate, above a horned head,
below the sign HB for Hans Biener, mint master in Dresden 1556-1604.
Rev.: MDLXVII | GOTHA·CAPTA | SVPPLICIO·DE·PRO | SCRIPTIS·IMPerii:HOS |
TIBus:OBSESSis·SVMPTO | COeTERISQue·FVGATIS | AVGVSTVS·Dux·SAXOnum |
ELECTOR·etc | ·Fieri·Fecit·
"When Gotha was taken in 1567, the punishment of the outlawed besieged enemies of the empire was carried out and the others were put to flight, Augustus, Duke of Saxony and Elector, had this coin minted"
Siege of Brescia 1515-16 and Verona 1516
Siege of Pavia, 1524-25
Siege of Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome, 1527
Siege of Vienna, 1529
Siege of Florence, 1529-30