Claim coat of arms on coins
Coats of arms initially referred to individuals and families. Later, many family coats of arms were transferred to their dominions. Such naturalised coats of arms (country coat of arms) were retained when the sovereigns of the dominion changed. When larger territories were created by merging individual lordships, their coats of arms were also combined to form multi-field coats of arms.
Claim coats of arms are coats of arms of territories to which a spiritual or material claim is made, although these territories are not or not completely in the possession of the sovereign. In addition to property and family coats of arms, claim coats of arms could also appear in the overall coat of arms of a territory or its sovereign.
George III. of Braunschweig-Hannover, King of Great Britain, 1760-1820.
Guinea 1786. Ø 25 mm, 8,38 g. Seaby 3728 ; Friedberg 355.
Obv.: GEORGIVS·III - DEI·GRATIA· Lauded bust to the right.
Rev.: M·B·F·ET·H·REX·F·D·B·ET·L·D·S·R·I·A·T·ET·E 17-86
Magnae Britanniae, Franciae ET Hiberniae REX Fidei Defensor, Brunsvicensis ET Luneburgensis Dux,
Sacri Romani Imperii Archi Thesaurarius ET Elector
"King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, Duke of Braunschweig and
Lüneburg, Arch-Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire"
Crowned quartered coat of arms:
England & Scotland | France | Ireland | Braunschweig (2 lions) -
Lüneburg, Lower Saxony (Guelph steed) & arch-treasurer shield (imperial crown in heart coat of arms).
Henry VIII had acquired the title "Fidei Defensor" ("Defender of the Faith"). It is still led by Queen Elizabeth II. Braunschweig-Lüneburg became an electorate in 1692 and provided the "arch-treasurer" from 1710 onwards.
When Elector George Louis of Brunswick-Calenberg-Hanover became King George I of Great Britain in 1714, he immediately adopted all the English titles even on coins of his homeland, including the claim to France, both in the legend and in the coat of arms.
Georg I., King of Great Britain (1714-27) and Elector of Hannover (1698-1727).
Thaler 1717, Clausthal. Ø 42 mm, 29,03 g. Müseler 10.6.1/5c; Welter 2237; Dav.2070.
Yield from the Harz mines.
Obv.: GEORGIUS D G MAGnae BRITanniae FRanciae ET HIBerniae REX Fidei Defensor 17 - 17
Lion and unicorn hold the crowned, squared coat of arms, surrounded by the British Order of the Garter:
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE "shamed be whoever thinks ill of it"
below it is an old English motto (French was spoken at court):
DIEU ET MON DROIT "God and my right"
Rev.: BRUNsvicensis ET LUNeburgensis DUX Sacri Romani Imperii ARCHITHESaurarius ET ELector
Guelph steed to the left on the ground, below: H.C.B. (mintmaster H. C. Bonhorst).
On the edge: DAS ¤ LAND ¤ DIE ¤ FRUCHTE ¤ BRINGT ¤ IM ¤ HARTZ ¤ DER ¤ THALER ¤ KLINGT
Auch alle frühere Könige von Grossbritannien haben es nicht versäumt, auf Münzen den traditionellen Anspruch auf Frankreich anzuzeigen, z.B.:
Charles II, King of Great Britain (1660-1685): Crown 1679
Ø 38 mm, c.30 g. S.3358; ESC.56; Dav.3776
Obv.: CAROLVS·II·DEI·GRATIA - laureate draped bust to the right.
Rev.: MAGnae BRitanniae FRAnciae ET HIBiberniae REX 16 - 79 - crowned cruciform coat of arms (England, Scotland, France and Ireland), interlinked Cs in angles.
Legend: "Charles II, King of Great Britain, France and Ieland"
Scotland, whose coat of arms is show, has already been incorporated into Great Britain.
Doppelschauguldiner 1509, Hall. Ø 53 mm, 61,15 g. Egg p.156/13; M./T.82var; Dav.282A
The emperor riding to the right, wearing armour and crowned, with the imperial flag in his right hand and the date 1509 below. The Blanket of the tournament horse is decorated with the imperial eagle and the Burgundian fire irons. The emperor's modest motto appears on the lower border:
HALT MAS IИ ALИ DIИG "Hold moderation in all things"
"King over most European countries and most powerful prince" (!)
The crowned imperial coat of arms (double-headed eagle), surrounded by the chain of the Golden Fleece, surrounded by 7 crowned coats of arms (from left): Old-Hungary, Aragón/Naples, Dalmatia (3 lion heads), Portugal, Bohemia, England and Austria. In the outer circle 19 further coats of arms of the Austrian and Habsburg hereditary lands (from bottom to right): Zeeland, Luxembourg, Limburg, Artois, Lorraine, Holland, Brabant, Flanders, Burgundy, Old Austria (5 eagles), Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol, Swabia (3 lions), Habsburg, Carniola, Upper Alsace, Austria ob der Enns and Cilli (in Slovenia).
6 of these 27 coats of arms are claim coats of arms.
Emperor Rudolf II, 1576-1612. Double thaler 1604, Hall.
Ø 46 mm, 57,18 g. M./T.362; Dav.3004
Obv.: RVDOLPHVS II·DeiGratia:ROManorum:IMperator:SEMper:AVgustus: GERmaniae:HVngariae:BOhemiae:REX:
Armored bust with laurel wreath, cloak and Order of the Golden Fleece, date at the shoulder.
Rev.: NEC NON ("not less") ARCHIDVCES - Austriae·DVCes:BVRgundiae:COmites:TIROLis
Crowned, 15-field coat of arms, surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
1st row: Old Hungary, Tyrol (eagle), Bohemia
2nd row: León, Burgundy, Austria, Castile
3rd row: Carinthia (split), Carniola (eagle), Styria (panther), Gorizia (diagonally split)
4th row: Burgau (split), Swabia (3 lions), Württemberg (3 antlers of deer),
Alsace (oblique bar and 6 crowns)
Joachim I., "Nestor", Elector of Brandenburg, 1499-1535.
Guldengroschen 1521, Frankfurt/Oder. Ø 41 mm, 28,5 g. Bahrfeldt 294 ; Dav.8945
"Joachim, Margrave of Brandenburg and Electort"
Effigy in electoral regalia and with electoral hat, shouldering the sceptre with his right hand.
"Silver money of the Elector of Brandenburg"
4-field coat of arms: Brandenburg (eagle), Pommern (griffin), Burgraviate of Nuremberg, Zollern (quartered). In the center shield the imperial scepter of Electoral Brandenburg, above the date.
Part 2 : Various claims on Jerusalem
Part 3 : Various claims on Jülich-Kleve-Berg