Duke of Alba, *1507 1582
Hernán Cortés, *1485 1547
Alfonso de Valdés, *1490 1532
Francisco de los Cobos, *1475/85 1547
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, el Gran Capitán, *1453 1515
Stuck silver medal 1567. Ø 36,5 mm; 23,70 g. v. Loon - ; Hill -; Kress -.
"Ferdinand de Toledo, Duke of Alba, governor-general of Belgium"
Bust wearing cuirass and the Golden Fleece on a cord.
Rev.: Alba's crowned arms, the Order of the Golden Fleece and its neck chain, 9 banners. Date.
Cast silver medal n. d. (1568). Ø 37 mm; 31,59 g. v. Loon 121,I.
Obv.: FERDINandus:TOLETanua ALBAE DVX BELGii PRAEFectus - Bust to the right.
Rev.: DEO PATRUM NOSTRORum "Vor God of our Fathers"
Altar with flame between two hanging armor.
The hanging armor belongs to the counts of Hoorn and Egmond, executed in 1568.
Cast silver medal n.d. (1568). Ø 40 mm; 16,03 g. v. Loon 125,I.
on the suppression of the unrest in the Netherlands and the beheading of the counts of Hoorn and Egmond by his governor Ferdinando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba.
Obv.: ·Dominus·FERdiNANDVS·TOLEDO·DVX·ALBaE - Bust to the left.
Rev.: Two dancing putti with wreaths.
Cast bronze medal 1571 by Jacques Jonghelinck. Ø 40 mm.
Armand II, p.246, 12; v.Loon 136,I; Scher 163 (in silver)
Obv.: FERDINandus·TOLETanus·ALBÆ DVX·BELGii·PRÆFectus
Bust wearing cuirass and the Golden Fleece. Date on the truncation.
Rev.: DEO ET REGI - VITÆ VSVS (completed by the engraving at the bottom)
"The purpose of life is service to God and the king"
A burning candle supported by a lion and two cranes.
Compare the picture (106x84 cm, 1549) by Antonis Mor (1519-76), Musée royaux des Baux-Arts, Brussels.
"Don Ferninando Cortés, 1529, at the age of forty two"
Rev.: IVDICIVM·DomoNI / APREHENDIT·EOS / ET·FORTITVDO·EIVS / CORROBORAVIT / BRACHIVM·MEVM
"The justice of the Lord touches all, and His power has strengthened my arm"
On top, an arm in a cloud from which rain is falling, the fist clenching part of the cloud.
Cast lead medal 1531, model by Christoph Weiditz. Ø ? mm Habich 1/1 395, 2/1 pl.LII,2.
Specimen from Coin Cabinet Niedersächsisches Landesmuseums, Hannover, Inv.No.04:077:012
(published in fontes.al.uw.edu.pl).
Obv.: ALFONSVS·VALDESIVS - SECRET·ANNO·XXXI· - Effigy half left.
Rev.: Four pillars in the sea holding an altar with a fire, four winds around. At the altar FIDES.
Between the columns a ribbon with ILLA IMMOTA MANET ("They remain unmoved at their place").
Compare this altar with the altar on the Gattinara-Medal:
both with the inscription FIDES and a fire.
Look at the oil painting (c. 1531/32) showing Alfonso de Valdés. In his hand he holds a round portrait of Mercurino Gattinara in Cardinal Purple (London, National Gallery).
Lit.: fontes.al.uw.edu.pl: Ioannes Dantiscus' Correspondence with Alfonso de Valdés: Introduction (pdf)
Cast lead medal 1531, model by Christoph Weiditz. Ø 62 mm, 163,2 g. Habich 1/1 396.
Specimen from The National Gallery of Art (Washington, USA), Kress Coll. 588.
Obv.: +FRANCISCO·COVO·MAGNO·COmMEnDatori·LEGIONIS CAESaris·CAROLI·V· A·SECRETis·CONSiliario·Anno·MDXXXI
Bust from the front with hat, necklace, order of Santiago and cross next to it.
Rev.: Man riding toward a cliff. Above a band with: FATA VIAM INVENIENT "Fate will find the way".
Look at the oil painting from around 1531 by Jan Gossaert, 44x34 cm, Getty Center, Los Angeles.
Cast bronze medal ca. 1560 by Annibale Fontana from Milan. Ø 57 mm, 44,88 g.
Köhlers Münzbelust.(1741) p.17; Kress Coll. 445; Attwood (2003) 107; Pollard (2007) 512.
Specimen of The National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
"Gonzalo, for the third time supreme authority, famous through the nickname of the great captain"
Bust to left, in cuirass and scarf; lower right on the truncation: ANNIBAL or ANNIB ML
"Having conquered the Gauls at Cannae (!) and Liris (Garigliano), Italy, once more at peace,
closed the Temple of Janus"
[The famous place Cannae, where Hannibal defeated Romans, stands for nearby Cerignola!]
Battle at the walls of a city; horseman with Gonzalo's banner; flag of France flying on a tower.
The medal commemorates Gonzalo's victories over the French in Cerignola (28.4.1503) near Cannae and Bari and in Garigliano (29.12.1503) near Gaeta, from where the French left the country shortly afterwards.
The medal is not contemporary with Gonzalo and the portrait is not authentic.
No contemporary portraits of Gonzalo seems to exist.
Interest in Gonzalo was awakened again by a publication by Paolo Giovio around 1550.
Ref.: José María de Francisco Olmos: Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, el Gran Capitán, y las monedas "españolas" de Nápoles. - pdf online