James III, King of Scotland 1460-1488
James V, King of Scotland 1513-1542
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland 1542-1567
Groat n. d. (1484-88). Ø 25 mm, 2,94 g. SCBC 5289.
Obv.: IΛᗭOBVS⦂DIᗺ⦂GRΛᗭIΛ⦂RᗺX⦂ᗭOTRV (ᗭOTRV = scotorum)
Crowned three-quarter facing bust; annulet on border to right.
Rev.: +DnS - PROTᗭ - ORᙏᗺT - ᗭTRΛO / +VILL - Λ ᗺD - ⦂In⦂B - VRGI
"God is my Defender and my Redeemer / Villa of Edinburgh"
Long cross pattée; crowns in second and third quarters, pellets and annulets in first and fourth.
This is the first coin minted outside of Italy to bear a realistic renaissance style portrait - together
with the Franc à cheval issued by Jean II de Bourbon in 1459-88.
Groat n. d., 2nd coinage 1526-39. Ø 25 mm, 2,61 g. SCBC 5376.
Obv.: +IACOBVS⦂5⦂DEI⦂GRA⦂REX⦂SCOTOR - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: ⦂VILL - A⦂ED - INBR - VGh X - Scottish coat of arms on long cross.
Edinburgh is referred to here as a villa, otherwise as an oppidum (latin for fixed place) like on next coin.
Groat n. d., 2nd coinage 1526-39. Ø 24 mm, 2,76 g. SCBC 5378.
Obv.: +IACOBVS ... SCOTORV - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: ⁖OPPI - DV⁖E - DINB - VRGI - Scottish coat of arms on long cross.
Ducat 1540, 3rd coinage 1539-42. Ø 22 mm, 5,84 g. SCBC 5373; Friedb.25.
Obv.: IACOBVS·5·DEI·GRA·R·SCOTOR·1540 - Bust to the right, ringlet behind the neck.
Rev.: + HONOR·REGIS·IVDICIVM·DILIGIT "The king's honor loves justice"
Crowned Scottish coat of arms on floral cross.
The ducats of James V are the first dated coinage of Scotland.
2/3 Ducat 1540, Edinburgh. Ø 20 mm, 3,69 g. SCBC 5374; Friedb.26.
Obv.: ⚜IACOBVS·D·G·R·SCOTORVM·1·5·40 - Bearded bust right, wearing bonnet. Mm: ⚜ (lis).
Rev.: +HONOR·REGIS·IVDICIVM·DILIGIT - Crowned Scottish coat between I - 5.
Testoon 1553, type I, first period (1542-58). Ø ? mm, 4,84 g. Spink 5481.
Obv.: ✱·MARIA·DEI·GRAcia·Regina·SCOTORVM - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: +·DA·PACEM·DOMINE·1553· "Give us peace, O Lord"
Crowned coat of arms of Scotland between ✱ - ✱.
3 Pounds 1555, Edinburgh (= 60 Shillings). Ø 28 mm, 7,67 g. Spink 5397; Friedb.33.
Specimen also presented at www.sovr.co.uk.
Obv.: ·MARIA·DEI·G·SCOTOR:REGINA· - Bust left with pearls in her hair and around her neck.
Rev.: ·IVSTVS·FIDE·VIVIT·1555· "The righteous live by faith"
Crowned coat of arms of Scotland.
Compare the portrait of the 13-year-old Queen, painted in 1555 by Françoise Clouet, court painter in Paris.
Ducat of 60 Shilling 1558 (2nd periode). Ø 30 mm, 7,63 g. Spink 5399, Friedb.35.
Obv.: FRAN·ET·MA·D·G·Rex·Regina·SCOTOR·DELPHIN·VIEN - Francis and Mary face to face.
Rev.: ·HORVM·TVTA·FIDES·1558· "Belief in them is everything".
French silver medal 1558. Re-coinage 19th century, Ø 52 mm. Eimer 40.
(without signature of G. Martin) on the wedding of the Dauphin Francois with Mary Stuart.
Obv. as before.
Rev. ·FECIT·VTRAQVE·VNVM·1558 "He made one of the two"
The French Hereditary Prince (Dauphin) is represented in the shield by dolphins and three lilies.
Scottish Testoon 1561. Ø 28 mm, 6,20 g. Spink 5422.
Obv.: ·MARIA·DEI·GRA·SCOTORVM·REGINA· 1561 - Bust to the left.
Rev.: SALVVM·FAC·POPVLVM·TVVM·DOMINE· "Save your people, Lord"
Crowned coat of arms France / Scotland between two crowned M.
Mary Stuart returned to Scotland as a widow in 1561.
Uniface medal n. d. (about 1578) by Jacopo Primavera. Ø 66,5 mm.
Jones I 159; Kress 543; Scher 76; Köhler Belust. vol.5 p.233.
MARIA STOVVAR REGIna SCOTIae ANGLIae - bust of Mary right, wearing cap and veil,
signed behind bust: IAcobus PRIMAVEra (Italian medalist, active 1568-85)
It is believed that the medal was created shortly after the death of her last husband in 1578,
when she was in exile in England and was neither Queen of Scotland nor Queen of England.
The medal was probably ordered by a Catholic sympathizer (Scher, Currency of Fame, p.192).