(thales not for circulation but showpieces for collectors)
- Emperor Maximilian and his grandsons Charles and Ferdinand -
Schauguldiner "grandson-thaler" 1518, Sankt Veit. Ø 42mm, 33,15 g. Voglh.21; Egg 35.
Obv.: MAXImilianus·ROManorum·IMperator·ARCHi·DVx·AVSTriae· ET·DOminus·TERrarum·OCCIdentis·ORIentisque·
"Maximilian ..., Ruler of the countries in Occident and Orient"Rev.: SVI:NEPO:CAROL·HISPA·AC·FERTI·SICIL·RE·AC·T·AV·BV·
Bust of Emperor Maximilian with beret and collar with order of the Golden Fleece.
Busts of the archdukes Charles and Ferdinand facing each other, Charles with baret and collar of the order of the Golden Fleece, Ferdinand bareheaded and wearing a necklace with cross, below '1518',
a central dot in the center.
Three-emperors thalers ("Dreikaisertaler")
- Maximilian I, Charles V and Ferdinand I -
1. Model from Vienna
uniface silvermedal 1536, Vienna (?). Ø 44 mm, 21,8 g.
kept in the Viennas Coin Cabinet.
effigies of Maximilian, Charles und Ferdinand, looking to the right and with order of the Golden Fleece.
On their hats: Two lions hold the crowned imperial shield and the collar.
For Halačka, this medal is the oldest model for the following "three-emperors strikes".
2. strikes from Hall
1/2 "three-emperors thaler" n. d., Hall. Ø 35 mm. thaler: M./T.165; Voglh.45; Dav.8053.
Obv.: + MAXI:CARO:(ET):FERD:D:G:RO:CÆS:REG:HISP (ET) ligated
crowned busts stagged to the right, each carrying the Golden Fleece on a ribbon; Maximilian beardless.
Rev.: + HVNG:BO:DAL:CRO·ZC·ARCHID:AVST:D:BVR
Double eagle with shield (Castile/Austria) on the breast.
The previous obvers with the effigies of the three emperors was also struck in combination
Three-emperors thaler n. d., Hall. Ø 35 mm, 33,6 g. M./T.-; Voglh.46; Dav.8054.
Obv.: as bevor
Armored bust of emperor Frederick III with crown and orden, quite matching the busts of the obvers.
The combination of the above "Dreikaiser side" with the following coat of arms is probably from the time of Archduke Ferdinand, the 2nd son of Emperor Ferdinand I.
Three-emperors thaler n. d., Hall. Ø 35 mm, ca.33 g. M./T.165a; Voglh.85; Dav.8103.
Obv.: as bevor.
Quartered shield: Old Hungary, Bohemia, Castile/Leon, Austria/Burgundy.
Over all: Tirolian eagle.
All these three strikes from Hall show the same obvers and the typical "+" at the beginning of the legends.
3. Strikes from Bohemia
3a With date "90", the effigies look to the left (Halačka: typ 1)
"three-emperors strike" 1590, Joachimstal (?) Ø 41 mm, 29,14 g.
Diet.-; Halacka 387a; Voglh.86(Hall); Dav.8105(Hall).
Crowned bust of Maximilian (beardless), Charles V and Ferdinand I in tandem arrangementRev.: ¤HVNGariae◦BOhemiae◦DALmatiae◦CROatiae◦&◦ARCHIDuces◦AVSTriae◦Duces·BVRgundiae
and each with the order of the Golden Fleece on a ribbon.
Double eagle with head halo and breast shield (Castile/Austria).
3b not dated, effigies looking to the right (Halačka: typ 2)
5 ducats n.d., off-metal strike of a "three-emperors strike", Prague.
Ø 41 mm, 17,32 g. Diet.552; Friedb.111; Voglh.120/2 (in silver); Dav.3066 (in silver).
A commemorative strike from the reign of emperor Rudolph II, again without a minting sovereign's title. The design is similar to the former piece, but the emperors here look to the right, and their crowns now carry mitres in the style of Rudolph's new crown.
3c not dated, with effigy and title of emperor Matthias (Halačka: typ 3)
• Halačka, Ivo: Die sog. "Dreikaiser-Prägungen" aus den böhmischen Münzstätten,
in Haller Münz Blätter, vol.V, p.323-8 (1992)
• Mince zemí Koruny Ceské 1526-1856 [The coins of the Bohemian crown-lands], vol.1: 1526-1620. (1987)
• Moser, H. / Tursky, H. (M./T.): Die Münzstätte Hall in Tirol 1477-1665. Innsbruck 1977.
• Voglhuber, R.: Taler und Schautaler des Erzhauses Habsburg. Frankfort 1971.
|page updated 9.2015.|