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Order of the Golden Fleece on coins and medals

Register of persons

2.   Order sign on coins of appointed knights

here part 2d. Austrian New Princes
Auersperg :   Johann Weikard (1615-1677)     Heinrich (1696-1783)     Wilhelm (1749-1822)
Batthyáni:   Karl Joseph Battyáni (1697-1772)
Colloredo-Mannsfeld:   Franz Gundacker (1731-1807)
Dietrichstein:   Sigismund Ludwig (†1678)
Ferdinand Joseph von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (1636-98)
Eggenberg:   Johann Ulrich (1568-1634)     Johann Anton (1610-1649)
Eszterházy:   Nikolaus Joseph (1714-1790, reg.1762)
Fürstenberg-Stühlingen:   Karl Egon I. von Fürstenberg-Pürglitz, 1762-87
Khevenhüller-Metsch:   Johann Joseph (1706-76, reg.1742)
LiechtensteinJoseph Johann Adam, 1721-32   Josef Wenzel, 1748-72   Franz Josef, 1772-81
Johann II., 1858-1929
Lobkowitz:   Zdenko Adalbert (1568-1628)     Ferdinand August Leopold (1655-1715)
Orsini-Rosenberg:   Franz Xaver Wolfgang (1723-96) 1790 Fürst
Rosenberg:   Wilhelm (1535-92)
SchlickHeinrich Schlick, 1612-50    Franz Ernst Schlick, 1650-75    Franz Joseph Schlick, 1675-1740
Schwarzenberg:   Johann Adolf I., 1641-83     Ferdinand Wilhelm Eusebius, 1683-1703
Adam Franz, 1703-32     Josef Adam, 1732-8     Johann Nepomuk, 1782-89
Sinzendorf:   Georg Ludwig, 1648-1681     Philipp Ludwig (1671-1742)     Johann Wilhelm, 1742-66
TrautsonPaul Sixtus von Falkenstein, 1589-1621     Franz Eusebius (†1728)
Johann Leopold Donat (1659-1724)
Wallenstein:   Albrecht von Wallenstein 1625-34

Austrian New Princes: In the Empire, only those lords of the estates who belonged to the College of the Imperial Council of Princes were called "princes". Since 1582, the Reichstag vote was linked to a territory. All the princely houses that were later appointed and admitted to the Imperial Diet were called "new princely" to distinguish them.
New princes usually also received the right to mint. Early new princes could still use their own mints and seek profit. Later new princes were only allowed to mint coins in imperial or imperial-city mints by the Habsburg central authorities, and only in high-value coin types that required individual applications with a deadline, i.e. they could only be used for representation purposes.
See E. Holzmair: Münzgeschichte der österreichischen Neufürsten, NZ 71 (1946) 6-75 and online.

Auersperg - from Slovenia
Deriving its origins from Swabia, it can be traced to Friuli as early as the 11th century, actually originating in Auersperg (Turjak, Gottschee) south of Ljubljana. The main line of Pankraz, which is the one in question here, received the imperial baronial dignity in 1530, the imperial count's dignity in 1630 and finally the imperial princely status in 1653 according to the right of first birth.
Johann Weikard (1615-1677), 1653 the 1st Prince of Auersperg
Johann Weikard (*1615 †1677) was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1650 and raised to the rank of Imperial Prince by Emperor Ferdinand III in 1653. In 1654, the Emperor, in his capacity as King of Bohemia, also enfeoffed him with the Silesian Duchy of Münsterberg and the town of Frankenstein.
The right to mint coins, which was granted to the prince at the same time as the elevation in rank, is contained in the palatine charter of 18.9.1653, which was issued one day after the prince's letter and, according to the form, belongs to the older group of grants, in which permission to establish one's own mints is still given. In 1654 he had thalers and ducats minted.

Thaler 1654, St. Veit.   Ø ? mm, ? g.   Holzmair 1; Dav.3371.
Obv.:   IOannes:WAICCARdus:Dei:Gratia·Sacri·Romani·Imperii·PRINCeps·AB·AVERSPERG
Bust from front, long-haired, with mouth and chin beard, in armour and cloak, with the Golden Fleece on the ribbon; below the date 1654 and the ligatured stamp tailor's mark HS (Hans Seel).
Oval decorative cartouche crowned by the prince's hat and surrounded by the Order chain with the four-field family coat of arms (1 and 4 the ancestral coat of arms, the Ur = Auerochs) and applied heart shield.

After this minting of the first prince, the family's right to mint rested for over 100 years.

Heinrich (1696-1783), 1713 the 4th Prince of Auersperg
Heinrich (*1696, †1783) was a grandson of Johann Weikard. He served under Charles VI as chief court marshal until 1738, then as chief equerry and chief chamberlain at the court of Maria Theresa until 1765, and became a close friend of Emperor Franz Stephan. He took part in two Frankfort coronations and finally became field marshal under Emperor Joseph II.
He was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1739.
He had ducats and thalers minted in Vienna in 1762.

Convention-thaler 1762, Vienna.   Ø 41 mm, ca.28 g.   Holzmair 4; Dav.1181.
Obv.:   HENRICVS S:R:I:PRINCEPS AVRSPERG DVX MINSTERBERgensis  -  Armoured bust with wig, coat and Golden Fleece on collar to the right; below A.WIDEMAN (stamp cutter).
Rev.:   COMes:IN THENGen:Saerae.Caesareae.Maiestatis.INTIMus:CONSiliarius:ET SVPRemus:STABVLI PRAEFECTus:1762  -  Coat of arms framed by the Order chain and Fleece rests on a crowned princely mantle.

Heinrich's son Karl Josef Anton, 5th Prince of Auersperg, was awarded the Order in 1790,
but did not mint coins.

Wilhelm (1749-1822) 1800 6th Prince of Auersperg
Heinrichs Enkel Wilhelm (*1749, †1822) was a general sergeant during the war years and a connoisseur and patron of music.

Convention-thaler 1805, Vienna.   Ø 40 mm, ca.28 g.  Holzmair 5; Dav.39.
Head right, below I.N.WIRT.F (Johann Nepomuk Wirt, die cutter).
Rev.:   COMes·IN THENGEN ET SVPremus·HAEReditarius·PROVineiae·CARNiolae·MARESCHallus·1805
Coat of arms lies on a crowned princely mantle, surrounded by the (erroneously attached) Fleece Order chain with attached Order of Hubertus. Inscription on the edge: VIRTUTE ETPRVDENTIA between arabesques.
The lost title of the Duchy of Münsterberg, sold by Prince Wilhelm's father to Prussia in 1791, is replaced by that of Duke of Gottschee, and the title of Chief Marshal of Carniola is mentioned for the first time. The high Bavarian Order of Hubertus awarded to the Prince is erroneously attached to the collane of the Order of the Vließ, of which he was not a member.
Thus the coinage of the Auersperg princes ended one year before its legal basis was withdrawn by the end of the Roman German Empire. The princely county of Thengen, on whose possession the vote in the Imperial Council of Princes as well as in the Swabian district had been based, initially came under Baden sovereignty and was sold to the Grand Duchy in 1811. [Holzmair]

Batthyáni - from Hungary
The Batthyáni (Batthyány) belong to the Hungarian nobility.
Karl Joseph Battyáni (1697-1772) 1764 1st Prince
Karl Joseph Batthyáni joined the Austrian army at an early age and distinguished himself against the Turks and then in the War of the Austrian Succession. In 1749 he was admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece. After the end of the war, Maria Theresa appointed him educator, later Lord Chamberlain to the Crown Prince and later Emperor Joseph II. On the occasion of the coronation of Joseph II as Roman-German King in 1764, Karl Joseph Battyáni was raised to the rank of Imperial Prince.
The right of coinage conferred with the imperial princely dignity stipulates that coins are to be minted in an imperial mint or in one of the empire.

10 ducats 1764. Vienna.   Ø 41 mm, 34,76 g.   Holzmair 6; Friedb.(Hungary)550.
Obv.:   CAROL·S:R:I:PRINCeps:DE·BATTHYAN·Perpetuus:In:Nemet:Uivär:&·Siklos:COMes:AURei:
Bust to the right with hair tied at the nape of the neck, armour with order chain and the Golden Fleece. On the arm section I.TODA F (Josef Toda, die cutter).
Rev.:   GENeralis:Campi:MAReschallus:Unius:Legionis:DIMacharum:COLonellus:Utriusque:Saerae:Caesareae:& (X) Regiae:Apostolicae:Maiestatis:Aetualis:Intimus:CONSiliarius:&·Status:CONFerentiarum:Minister:1764·
The coat of arms of the family (rock with pelican's nest, below a lion growing out of the water with a Turk's sabre in its mouth), surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece and surmounted by the count's crown with 5 helmets, rests on a crowned princely mantle, held by two winged horses bearing flags with the inscribed initials FI (Franz I) and MT (Maria Theresa). Value numeral (X) in the inscription.
Edge with inscription between ornaments: FIDELITATE ET FORTITUDINE "With dutifulness and energy".

Convention-thaler 1768, Vienna.   Ø 41 mm, 28,05 g.   Holzmair 13; Dav.1183.
Bust as before, but wih additional star of the Order of St Stephen on the chest.
Rev.:   Inscription as before, except for the date.
On a crowned princely mantle lies the coat of arms surrounded by the chains of the Order of the Fleece and the Order of St Stephen, underlaid with marshal's baton and fasces.

Only the grand-nephew of Prince Karl, Prince Ludwig (1753-1806, reigned from 1788), became the second and last mintmaster of the family. He was not admitted to the Order of the Fleece and minted from 1788-1792.

Colloredo-Mannsfeld - from Italy
The House of Colloredo, descended from the Swabian Lords of Waldsee (Wallsee) and after their extinction in 1588 also confirmed in their privileges and titles, took its origin from Friuli, where it was enfeoffed by the Patriarch Poppo of Aquileia (1019-45) with the lordship and castle of Mels (Melzo, north of Udine) and in 1302 built its ancestral castle near the village of Colloredo (not far from Mels).

Franz Gundacker (1731-1807) Prince since 1788
Of the branched family, which achieved high honours and dignities in imperial service from the 17th century onwards, only the Weikard line is relevant to the history of coins, which came from its Italian ancestral seat to Austria and Bohemia in 1693 in order to take over the inheritance of the extinct Ascine line, above all the Opocno dominion in the Königgrätz district, which was acquired by the latter in 1636 and endowed as a family fideicommissum. The brothers Hieronymus († 1726) and Rudolf from this line were raised to the rank of imperial counts in 1724. The son of the former, Count Rudolf (1706-88), who became Imperial Vice-Chancellor as early as 1737 and was given a seat and a vote in the Swabian Imperial College of Counts, received the imperial princely dignity on the occasion of the royal coronation of Joseph II, together with Counts Johann Josef Khevenhüller and Karl Batthyáni, and in connection with the princely charter of 29 December 1763 also the right to mint coins. Prince Rudolf no longer made use of this, but only his son Prince Franz Gundacker (*1731, Prince since 1788, †1807), who had been a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece since 1772 and who, among other dignities, also received his father's successorship in the Imperial Vice-Chancellorship, which he held until the end of the Empire. [E. Holzmair]

"Spruchtaler" 1794, Vienna, later trial-strike.   Ø 41 mm.  Holzmair 22; Thornau 331b; Dav.1185.
Obv.:   FRANCiscus·GVNDaccer·S·R·I·P·COLLOREDO·MANNSFELD·Comes·IN·WALDSee· Vice·Comes·IN·MELS·Marchio·IN·Sancta·SOPHia·S·R·I·PRO·CANCellarius·
On a crowned princely mantle the Mansfeld coat of arms surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece, to which that of Colloredo is applied as a central shield.
Rev.:   BEY GOTT IST RATH - UND THAT   "With God is advice and action"
The St. George as dragon slayer. In the exergue 1794.

Dietrichstein - from Carinthia
Sigismund Ludwig (†1678) 1631 Count of Dietrichstein
Sigismund Ludwig from the Pulsgau branch, President of the Court Chamber of Inner Austria, Imperial Count since 1631, received the right to mint coins from Emperor Ferdinand III in 1637, which he was already exercising, linked to the lordship of Hollenburg near Klagenfurt received from the main Hollenburg-Fikkenstein line in 1633.

Thaler 1646, Graz.   Ø 42? mm, 28,46 g.   Holzm.S.21; Dav.3374.
Draped bust portrait to the right, below the date 1646.
Rev.:   *LIBER·BARON* - *HOLLENBVRG*  -  Crowned, nimbed double-headed eagle, F III on the breast, below family coat of arms (2 winemakers' knives) surrounded by order chain and the Golden Fleece, below a banner: SVB ALIS PROTEGENTIBVS TVIS   "Under the protection of your wings".
Sigismund Ludwig had received the Order in 1645. This type of thaler also appeared in 1651 and 1633.

Thaler 1647, Graz.   Ø 42? mm, 28,48 g.   Holzm.p.21; Dav.3372.
Dies from 1644, but recut: date changed, Golden Fleece added.
Here the coat of arms is larger and the motto SVB ALIS PROTEGENTIBVS TVIS arranged on the inner circle.

Sigismund Ludwig's considerable minting activity includes not only representative coins, but also Groschen, Kreuzer and Zweier. [Holzmair]

Pfennig (or Kreuzer?) 1647, Graz.   Ø ? mm, 0,61 g.   Holzmair S.21.

Sigismund Helfried (1636-98), son of Sigismund Ludwigs, became a Knight of the Golden Fleece in 1681.
His thaler, minted in 1664, bears only the inherited title - COMES A DIETRICHSTEIN LIBER BARO IN HOLLENBVRG - but not the Order of the Fleece acquired later.

Ferdinand Joseph of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (1636-1698)
3rd Prince of Dietrichstein
Ferdinand Joseph's great-great-grandfather Siegmund of Dietrichstein (†1533) was a confidant of Emperor Maximilian and became the first Baron of Dietrichstein. The great-grandfather Adam (†1590) became the 2nd Baron of Dietrichsten and received from Ks. Ferdinand II the Nikolsburg in Moravia. The great-uncle Franz (†1636), Prince-Bishop of Olmütz, became the 1st Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein. His father Maximilian (†1655) became the 2nd Imperial Prince of the family and holder of the Order of the Fleece.
Ferdinand Joseph could call himself Count of Tarasp and Baron of Hollenburg Finkenstein and Thalberg, became Lord Chamberlain, Conference Minister and Privy Councillor to Emperor Leopold I and was honoured with the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1668.

Thaler 1695 MM, Vienna.   Ø 44-46 mm, ca.29 g.   Holzmair 33; Dav.3376.
Roller press coinnage, planchet defect.

Bust in coat with allonge wig and Fleece Order on ribbon.
Rev.:   :IN NICOLSPURG·ET: - :DOMINUS IN TRASP·  -  Decorated oval cartouche with four-field coat of arms (1=Hollenburg, 2=Thalberg, 3=Erbmundschenkamt in Carinthia, 4=Finkenstein) and heart coat of arms (two vintner's knives = Dietrichstein), all crowned by the prince's hat and surrounded by the Order of the Fleece. At the top the Jz. 16 - 95, at the bottom MM (Matthias Mittermaier, mint master).

Ducat 1696.   Ø 21 mm, 3,48 g.   Holzmair 34; Friedb.541.
Obv.:  ·FERD·S·R·I·PRINC - ·DIETRICHSTEIN  -  Bust to the right with wig and Order of the Fleece.
Coat of arms with order chain and Golden Fleece.

Ref.: E. Holzmair: Münzgeschichte der österreichischen Neufürsten, NZ 71 (1946) 6-75 and online.

Eggenberg - from Styria

Johann Ulrich (1568-1634), 1623 1st Prince of Eggenberg
Johann Ulrich was raised to the rank of baron in 1598, came to a wealth of duties in Carniola and Styria in the service of Emperor Ferdinand II, was awarded the Golden Fleece in 1620, received Krumau in Bohemia as a reward in 1622, was raised to the rank of imperial prince in 1623 and was granted the right to mint coins in 1625, which he immediately exercised by minting a thaler.

Thaler 1629, Prague.   Ø 47 mm, 29,50 g.   Dav.3382.
Obv.:  IO:VDAL9:Dei:Gratia:DVX - CRVmlovi:EKENbergi:PRINCepS* Bust with ruff to the right, Order chain and Golden Fleece.
Rev.:   COMes:POSTONiae:DomiNuS· - ·IN·ERNHAVSeN EC 1629
Crowned and decorated oval coat of arms (1=Krumau, 2=Adelsberg, 3=Pettau, 4=Radkersburg) with applied coat of arms (Prince's crown surrounded by three crowned ravens with beaks) and surrounded by a narrow chain of the Order of the Fleece.
Legend: "... Duke of Krumau, Prince of Eggenberg, Count of Adelsberg, Lord of Ehrenhausen".

Johann Anton (1610-1649), 1634 2nd Prince of Eggenberg
He succeeded his father Johann Ulrich in 1634 and received the Golden Fleece in 1644.

Thaler 1645, Waldstein (Styria).   Ø 42-43 mm, 29,06 g.   Donebauer 3313; Dav.3390.
Bust right in armour with broad lace collar and Order of the Fleece.
Rev.:   ROM:IMP:PRINC: - AB:ECCHENBERG 16 - 45   -   Coat of arms covered with a princely hat and a central shield, with the chain of the Order of the Fleece around it.
Some thalers with date 1644 already show the Golden Fleece, but all before 1644 do not.

Heirs and successors were the two sons Johann Christpoh (†1710) and Johann Seyfried (†1713), who were under guardianship until 1664. An extensive joint coinage of thalers in 1652-58 from silver from their own mines was then already finished.

Esterházy de Galantha - from Hungary

Nikolaus Joseph Esterházy (1714-1790, reg.1762)

Thaler 1770, Vienna.   Ø mm, g.   Holzmair 36; Horsky 5455; Dav.1187.
Bust in armour and cloak, with Fleece Order and Order of Maria Theresa.
Rev.:  Utriusque·Sacrae·Caesareae·&·Regiae·Apostolicae·Maiestatis·CONSiliarius·INTimus·GENeralis·Campi· MARchallus·&·NOBilis·PRÆTorianae·Hungaricae·TURMÆ CAPITaneus·1770·
On crowned princely mantle the four-field coat of arms (1&4: ancestral coat of arms, 2&3: Forchtenstein) with attached Commander's Cross of the Order of Maria Theresia and surrounded by the Order chain with the Golden Fleece. Heart coat of arms (L = Leopold I).

Fürstenberg-Stühlingen - from Hungary

Karl Egon I. from Fürstenberg-Pürglitz, 1762-1787
Karl Egon (*1707) was the second son of Joseph Wilhelm Ernst von Fürstenberg-Stühlingen and founder of the Bohemian side line in Pürglitz. He became supreme burgrave and governor of Bohemia. In 1767 he was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Ducat 1772, Prague.   Ø 20 mm, 3,48 g.   Dollinger 42; Holzmair 38*); Friedb.1065.
Bust right, long tied hair, in cloak, with the Golden Fleece on the ribbon.
Rev.:  LANDGravius:BARi·& STULingen:Comes:IN·HEILIGenberg:& WERDenberg:1772·
On a crowned princely mantle a shield surrounded by the Fleece chain with a single-headed eagle, superimposed with the four-field coat of arms (1&4: Heiligenberg, 2&3: Werdenberg).
The variant Holzm.39 bears the name FYRSTENBERG instead of FÜRSTENBERG.
In 1772, the prince received permission to strike 5000 ducats at the Prague mint "from the ancient (Celtic) coins found on his estates".
*) E. Holzmair included Karl Egon in the "Münzgeschichte der österreichen Neufürsten" (History of the Coins of the Austrian New Princes) because he had his main focus in the Habsburg Hereditary Lands.

Khevenhüller-Metsch - from Bamberg, then Carinthia

Johann Joseph (1706-76, gov.1742)
Johann Joseph Prince von Khevenhüller-Metsch (*1706) was an Austrian statesman and held a high position at the imperial court. In 1744 he became a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece and in 1764 he became the first prince from the House of Khevenhüller.
Among the Austrian mint lords, he is the only one who has coins to show as both count and prince. [Holzmair]

1761 minting as count

Ducat 1761, Vienna.   Ø 21 mm, 3,50 g.   Holzmair 40; Friedb.549.
Bust right, in armour with folded coat, Order chain wirh the Golden Fleece, S-PRINS on sleeve.
Rev.:  AVRei·VELLeris·EQVes·SS·CC·RR·MM (Sacrarum Caesarearum Regiarum Maiestatum)· ACTualis·INTimus·ET·CONFERENTiarum·CONSILiarius·ET SVPRemus·CAMERrarius·1761  - 
Crown over multi-field coat of arms held by two lions, the order chain around.
Coat of arms: Above the Metsch coat of arms (chevron and feather crown, in between the imperial double-headed eagle).
Below it is the multi-field coat of arms of the Khevenhüller family.

1771 minting as prince

Thaler 1771, Vienna.   Ø 41-42 mm, 28,02 g.   Holzmair 42; Dav.1189.
Bust in armour to the right with folded cloak, the chains of the Order of the Fleece and the Order of St Stephen and a large breast star on the cloak. Below A·V·.
Rev.:   Aurei·Vellaria·&·Ordinis·Sancti·STEPHani·Regis·Apostolici·Magnea·Crucis·EQues·Utriusque·S·C·R - A·Majestatis·Actualis·Intimus·CONSiliarius CONFerentiarum·Minister·&· Supremus·Aulea·PRÆFectus·
"Knight of the Golden Fleece and of the Grand Cross of the Distinguished Order of the Apostolic King St. Stephen; of both Holy Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesties Real Privy Councillor, Conference Minister and Lord Chamberlain"
On a crowned mantle the multi-field coat of arms (as above), around it the chain of the Fleece Order.
Edge with legend: Ꮺ CANDIDE Ꮺ SED Ꮺ PROVIDE   "Sincere but thoughtful".

The House of Liechtenstein, named after Liechtenstein Castle in Lower Austria, also acquired landed property in Bohemia. Karl I of Liechtenstein (†1627) helped the emperor against the Bohemian rebels and was able to acquire the duchies of Troppau and Jägerndorf, where he minted profitably in his own mint. His grandson (Johann Adam I, †1712) also succeeded in acquiring the dominion of Schellenberg in 1699 and the county of Vaduz in 1712.
The Princes of Liechtenstein are the only Austrian sovereigns formerly entitled to mint coins who coined beyond the end of the Holy Roman Empire and then as sovereigns of a state that is still independent today.
Joseph Johann Adam, 1721-32 Prince of Lichtenstein
In 1719, his father (Anton Florian, †1721), who had served the House of Habsburg in important political functions, succeeded in creating the Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein out of Schellenberg and Vaduz. A dynasty thus gave its name to a territory.
Joseph Johann Adam (*1690) was admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1721 when he took office.

Thaler 1728, Vienna.   Ø 42-44 mm, 29,24 g.   Holzmair 45; Dav.1578.
Obv.:   IOSephus:IOannes:ADamus:D:G:Sacri:Romani:Imperii:Princeps·&GUBernator:DOMus:DE LIECHTENSTEIN
Bust right, in armour and cloak, wearing the fleece on the ribbon.
Rev.:   *OPPaviae:&CARNoviae:DUX·Comes·RITBergae:GRANdis:HISPaniae:Primae:CLASis: Sacrae·Caesarea·Majestatis·INTimus·CONSiliarus:1728
On crowned princely mantle a decorated cartouche with coats of arms: 1=Silesia, 2=Kuenring, 3=Troppau, 4=East Frisia-Rietberg, Zwickel=Jägerndorf, centre=Tribal coat of arms. Surrounded by the fleece chain.
Like his father, he fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, which gave him the title of Spanish grandee.
The duchies of Troppau (Oppavia) and Jägerndorf (Carnovia) had been acquired by the ancestor Charles I and included in the title and coat of arms on his Bohemian coins.
The newly added coat of arms of East Frisia is related to the East Frisian count Joseph Johann Adam's wife, from whom he derived vain hereditary claims to the county of Rietberg.
The coat of arms on the reverse matches the present-day coat of arms of Lichtenstein.

Ducat 1728, Vienna, restrike M (Munich 1966).   Ø mm, 3,42 g.   Holzmair 44; Friedb.zu9.
As was usual with all later new princes, only large full-value nominals could be ordered and produced in limited editions at an official mint after official individual approval. The pieces served mainly for representation.
Josef Wenzel, 1748-72 Prince of Liechtenstein
Josef Wenzel (*1696), cousin of Josef Johann Anton, succeeded his son Johann Nepomuk Karl (†1748), who had not minted. The talented Josef Wenzel was a skilled war strategist, organiser and diplomat. He was elevated to the rank of field marshal-lieutenant. As director general over the artillery, he made it the strongest instrument of the imperial army. In 1739 Josef Wenzel was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Ducat 1758, Vienna.   Ø 21 mm, 3,48 g.   Holzmair 50b; Friedb.10.

Thaler 1758, Vienna.   Ø 42 mm, ca.28 g.   Holzmair 51; Dav.1579.
Title, effigy and arms as before, but CAMPI:MARESCHAL.
Franz Josef, 1772-81 Prince of Lichtenstein
Franz Josef (*1726) succeeded his uncle Josef Wenzel in the Lichtenstein government in 1772. He had been a bearer of the Order of the Fleece since 1771. He is the last prince of Lichtenstein to coin within the Holy Roman Empire.

Ducat 1778, Vienna.   Ø 21 mm, 3,48 g.   Holzmair 53; Divo 79; Friedb.11.
Obv.:   FRANCiscus·IOSephus·D·G·S·R·I·PRinceps·&·GUBernator·DOMus·DE·LIECHTENSTEIN
Bust right, Order of the Golden Fleece on the breast.
Rev.:   OPPaviae·&·CARNoviae·DUX·COMes·RITTBergae·Sacrae·Caesareae·Majestatis·CONS·iliarius· INTimus·AURei·VELLERIS EQUES·1778·
Crowned coat of arms surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Die cutter: Franz Xaver Würth.   Modern restrikes bear the sign M for Munich.

Thaler 1778, Vienna.   Ø 42 mm, ca.28 g.   Holzmair 54; Dav.1580.
Obv.:   FRANCiscus·IOSephus·D·G·S·R·I·PRinceps·&·GUBernator·DOMus·DE·LIECHTENSTEIN
Bust right, in ermine coat with chain and Order of the Fleece.
In the arm section F·W· (Franz Würth, die cutter).

Rev.:   OPPaviae·&·CARNoviae·DUX·COMes·RITTBergae·Sacrae·Caesareae·Majestatis·CONS·iliarius·INTimus AURei·VELLERIS EQUES·1778·  -  Crowned escutcheon on cartouche, Fleece Order chain around.

1/2 thaler 1778, Vienna.   Ø 34 mm, 14,04 g.   Holzmair 55.
Similar to before.

20 Kreuzer 1778, Vienna.   Ø 27 mm, ca.6,7 g.   Holzmair 56.
Similar to before.
This was the smallest full-valued coin of the set. It, too, served mainly for representation.
Johann II., 1858-1929 Prince of Liechtenstein
In 1806, Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated the Principality of Liechtenstein into the Confederation of the Rhine. At the Congress of Vienna in 1814/15, the independent Liechtenstein was admitted to the German Confederation. The country then leaned towards Austria, and later towards Switzerland.
John II came to power at the age of 18 and led the government for 71 years through a turbulent period. Since 1862, he was a holder of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
The coins of the now sovereign state were all primarily intended for circulation.

Vereinstaler 1862 A, Vienna.   Ø 33 mm.   Dav.215; Kahnt 281; Thun 468.
Obv.:   JOHANN II·FÜRST ZU LIECHTENSTEIN  -  Bust to the right.
Edge with inscription: KLAR UND FEST   "Clear and firm".

5 Kronen 1900, Vienna.   Ø 35 mm, 23,98 g.   Divo 93; HMZ 2-1376b; Dav.216.
Rev.:   5 - KR  -  Coat of arms surrounded by the chain and Order of the Fleece. Below date 19 - 00.

1/2 Franken 1924, Bern.   Ø 18 mm, ca.2,5 g.   HMZ 2-1382a6.

A. Missong :  Die Münzen des Fürstenhauses Liechtenstein, NZ 14(1882)109-190,
    Reprint Vaduz 1983 and online

Lobkowitz - from Bohemia
The many-branched Lobkowitz family belongs to the Bohemian nobility and provided several holders of the Order of the Golden Fleece from 1695 onwards.

Zdenko Adalbert (1568-1628) 1623 1st Prince of Lobkowitz
Zdenko Adalbert (*1568) was an opponent of the Utraquists (moderate Hussites) and, as supreme chancellor of Bohemia, a staunch defender of the imperial and ecclesiastical cause. He was therefore banished and dispossessed by the Bohemian estates. After the victory of Emperor Ferdinand II, however, the Prince was raised to the rank of Imperial Prince for himself and his descendants in 1624 in recognition of his loyal and successful services. At the same time he received the mint right, which he did not exercise.

Schautaler n. d. (medal).   Ø 37 mm, 28,60 g.   Doneb.3559; Holzmair ­ (p.35); Dav.-.
Obv.:   *SDENCO'AD'D'G' S R I PRINC'D:LOBCO  -  Bust in armour with ruff and Fleece Order.
Rev.:   Four-field family crest covered with princely hat, surrounded by the Order of the Fleece.
Zdenko Adalbert, however, did not receive the Order of the Golden Fleece.
E. Holzmair classifies this piece as a token.

Wenceslaus Eusebius (1509-1677) 2nd Prince of Lobkowitz
Wenceslaus Eusebius (*1609), son of Zdenko Adalbert, attained the highest dignities in the service of three emperors, acquired the Duchy of Sagan, but fell out of favour with Emperor Leopold I in 1675.
Ferdinand August Leopold (1655-1715) 3rd Prince of Lobkowitz
Ferdinand August Leopold (*1655), son of Wenceslas Eusebius who had fallen into imperial disgrace, regained imperial favour and received the Golden Fleece in 1695.

Ducat n. d. (medal).   Ø 21 mm, 3,46 g.   Holzmair - (p.36); Freidb.55.
Obv.:   Ferdinandus·Dux·Sagani·Princeps· - De·LOBKowitz.
Brustbild rechts, mit mit Perücke und Vliesordenskette.
Rev.:   Gekröntes Wappen, darin mittig das Familienwappen, umher die Vliesordenskette.

Franz Josef Maximilian, 1784-1816, 7th Prince of Lobkowitz
Franz Josef Maximilian (*1772), great-grandson of Ferdinand August Leopold, was a Bohemian-Austrian major-general, art lover, patron and promoter of Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven. In 1804 he was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece, too late for the 1794 coinage.
For the 17-year-old Franz Josef Maximilian, his guardians had minted in Vienna 200 ducats, 300 thalers and 1300 20 kreuzer pieces in 1794. This remained the only coinage of the Lobkowitz family.

The Slavic noble family of Nostitz was already widespread in Lusatia at the end of the 14th century. The founder of the Nostitz-Rieneck branch was Johann Hartwig (1610-1683). In 1652-83 he was Supreme Chancellor of Bohemia as well as Privy Councillor to Emperor Leopold I and was awarded the Order of the Fleece in 1672. In 1673 he acquired the Mainz ¾-portion of the Lower Franconian county of Rieneck, which was immediately to the empire. From then on he used the name Nostitz-Rieneck.

Anton Johann, 1683-1736 Count of Rieneck
Anton Johann of Nostitz-Rieneck (*1659), son of Johann Hartwig, was Burgrave of Eger as well as Chief Marshal of Bohemia. He issued ducats, thalers and half-thalers minted in Nuremberg in 1719. He was not awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Thaler 1719, Nürnberg.   Ø 41 mm, g.   Holzmair 61; Dav.1191.
Obv.:   ANTONIus9 IOHannes·Sacri·Romani·Imperii·COMes·DE NOSTitz:ET RINeck·
Armoured bust right with wig.
Rev.:   Sacrae·Caesarea·Majestatis·CONSiliarus·INTimus:CAMerarius:SVPRemus·Regni·BOHemiae·PRÆFectus· BVRGGravius·EGRensis·
Two griffins standing on a base hold a crowned oval shield with a four-field family coat of arms (two horns on sickle / eagle wing / anchor) and applied heart coat of arms for Rieneck. Below GFN· (G.F.Nürnberger, mint master). Swan on top of the crown, date 17-19 at the bottom.

The Orsini-Rosenberg family originates from the Rosenberg area near Graz in Styria. Legends of descent lead to Orsini from Rome and Rosenberg from Bohemia.

Franz Xaver Wolfgang (1723-96) 1790 Prince
Franz Xaver of Orsini-Rosenberg was a trusted friend of Emperor Joseph II and still held the office of Minister of State and Conference under Emperor Franz II in 1792. On the occasion of the Frankfurt coronation of Leopold II, he was elevated to the rank of Imperial Prince by the latter in October 1790. He was awarded the Order of the Fleece in 1763.

Convention thaler 1793, Vienna.   Ø 40 mm, 29,62 g.   Holzmair 63; Dav.1192.
Bust right. Below: I·N·WIRT·Fecit· (Johann Nepumuk Wirt, die cutter).
Rev.:  MONETA·AD·NORMAM·CONVENTIONIS·1793·  "in accordance with the Coinage Convention"
On crowned princely mantle the family coat of arms (rose) held by two bears,
surrounded by the Order chain with the Golden Fleece.

The Bohemian family of Rosenbergs had early obtained the right to mint common coins in accordance with the sovereign strike and which were to be marked with a distinguishing sign. The coat of arms rose of the Rosenbergs is said to have originated from the sign.

Wilhelm of Rosenberg (1535-1592) 1592 Prince
Wilhelm (*1535) transferred to a Catholic school in 1544. In 1551 he took over the family estate. In 1560 he was appointed Oberstlandeskämmerer by King Ferdinand and in 1570 he received the highest office in the Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1581 he acquired the Reichenstein dominion from the Princes of Münsterberg-Öls, where gold mines and a mint were in operation. In 1585 he was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece. The dynasty became extinct after his brother and successor sold Reichenstein to the Dukes of Liegnitz-Brieg.

4 ducats n. d., Reichenstein (1585)   Ø 30 mm, 13,98 g.
Saurma-Jeltsch 16, Tf.XXXVI-9; F&S 2492; Doneb.3703; Friedb(Bohemia).108.

Obv.:   ·WILHELM·GVBERnator·DOMinus·ROSENBerg·
Bust left, with ruff, fur coat and order chain with the Fleece.
Rev.:   Armoured tournament knight on horseback to the right with drawn sword and shield, on it the coat of arms of Rosenberg. The whole surrounded by the order chain with the Fleece.
This coinage is probably connected with the receipt of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

3 ducats 1585.   Ø 27,7 mm, 10,52 g.   Holzmair p.46; Doneb. -; Friedb.(Bohemia)109.
Obv.:   ·GVLIELM·GVBER·DOM·ROSEN·  -  Bust with ruff and Fleece chain.
Helmeted coat of arms, Fleece chain around, date 8-5 to the sides.

Ducat 1587, Reichenstein.   Ø 22 mm, 3,51 g.   Friedb.112.
Helmeted family coat of arms, around the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece, rose on top.
St. Christopher with a tree trunk as a stick stands in front, carrying the infant Jesus on his shoulders.

Copper piece n. d. (1585/92)   Ø 22 mm, g.   Neum.28655; Doneb.3708.
Obv.:   WYLEM·WLADARZ - DOMV·ROZM·N·PP  -  Family coat of arms surrounded by Fleece chain.
Rev.:   Table: DEVS·FORTITVDO·MEA E·LAVS·MEA DOMINVS   "God is my strength and my praise".

Stefan Schlick found silver resources in Jáchymov in the Bohemian Ore Mountains in 1516 and began to mint the silver privately in 1519. Emperor Ferdinand confiscated the mint in 1547 on the occasion of the Schmalkaldic War. After a long interruption, two further minting phases followed: first in own Plan, then in the royal Prague.

Heinrich Schlick, 1612-1650 Count of Bassano and Weißkirchen
- Commercial coinage in Plan (Planá, Bohemia) and Nürnberg -
Heinrich (*1580) joined the military as a young man and served various masters as an army commander. In 1622 he converted to the Catholic faith. He fought actively for the emperor in the 30 Years' War until 1630. He became president of the court war council in 1632, then he became a member of the Swabian Imperial College of Counts in 1643. He was awarded the Order of the Fleece in 1644.
Stefan Schlick had acquired the Plan estate in 1517, where mines were working. Heinrich now established his own mint there, where he coined on his own account. He also had coins minted in Nuremberg.

Thaler 1629, Nürnberg.   Ø 43 mm, 28,88 g.   Doneb.3789; Fiala 164; Dav.3408.
Obv.:   HEINRIC·SCHLICK· - ·COMES·A·PASAN  -  Virgin and Child with Saint Anne behind the coat of arms (as below) between S - A, at the bottom date16 - Z9, next to it beginning die break at 5.30.
Rev.:   FERDINANDVS·II·ROM·IMP·SEMPER·AVGVSTVS [Mm.]   -   Nimbed and crowned double-headed eagle, on the breast the crowned coat of arms of Bohemia with chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
The Golden Fleece under the coat of arms of Bohemia on eagle's tail is only indistinctly visible.

10 ducats 1634, Plan.   Ø 42? mm, 34,20 g.   Friedb.114.
Obv.:   HEINRIC·SCHLICK - COMES·A·PASSAN:  -  Quartered coat of arms (Weißkirchen/Bassano)
with the family coat of arms as the central shield, above it St. Anne between the infant Jesus and St. Mary,
on the sides S-AN - NA, below the divided date 16 - 34.

Rev.:   FERDINANDVS⁑II⁑ROM - IMP⁑SEMPER⁑AVGVSTVS  -  Crowned double-headed eagle,
imperial orb between the heads, on the breast crowned Bohemian coat of arms surrounded
by the chain of the order with fleece, below in the circumscription the sign shield
(can between I - C for Johann Candler, mint master in Plan 1627-40).
The Golden Fleece under the coat of arms can be recognised a little better.
The chain seems incomplete.
But at that time Henry was not yet a holder of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Thaler 1647 (dies from 1646), Plan.   Ø 43 mm, ca.28 g.   Doneb.3823; Dav.3408.
Obv.:   HENRICVS·SCHLI - CK·COMES:A:PASAN  -  Anna selbdritt hinter dem mit der Vliesordenskette behangenen Schlick-Wappen, zu den Seiten S.AN-NA, unten Jz. 16 - 47.
Rev.:   FERDINAND·III·ROM - IMP·SEMPER AVGVSTVS  -  Gekrönter Doppeladler mit böhmischem Brustschild, Reichsapfel zwischen den Adlerköpfen, unten in der Umschrift Wappenschild mit Greif zwischen den Initialen C-B des Münzverwalters Caspar Franz Begner von Rösselfeld.
The Golden Fleece appears fully developed on the obverse, somewhat more indistinct on the reverse.
By this time Henry had received the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Franz Ernst Schlick, 1650-75 Count of Bassano and Weißkirchen
- commercial coinage in Plan -
Heinrich's son Franz Ernst continued to mint in Plan, but to a lesser extent and with purchased precious metal. In 1665, he had to sell the Plan estate to settle inherited debts.

5 ducats 1661, Plan.   Ø 39-40 mm, 17,47 g.   Doneb.3838; Friedb.117.
Obv.:   FR·ER·SCHLIK· - CO:A·PASSAN   -   Crowned, four-field coat of arms (Weißkirchen/Bassano) with the family coat of arms as central shield, above it St. Anne with the infant Jesus and St. Mary in clouds, below to the sides of the coat of arms the divided date 1·6· - 61·.
Crowned double-headed eagle, imperial orb between the heads, crowned Bohemian coat of arms on the breast, a "chain of orders" around it, the mintmaster's mark star in cartouche below in the inscription, above it I - P (Johann Pellet von Hundt, mintmaster in Plan 1655-63).
In the "chain of orders" around the coat of arms the sparking flints are missing and the fire irons are bent, the fleece is missng.
This strange "medal chain" is false. Franz Ernst was never a order bearer.
The thalers of Franz Ernst also show such a strange "chain order" around the Bohemian coat of arms.
Franz Joseph Schlick, 1675-1740 Count of Bassano and Weißkirchen
- representative coinage in Prague -
Franz Joseph (*1656), the son of Franz Ernst, became Privy Councillor and Royal Governor in Bohemia. He had no mint of his own and minted only in 1677 and 1716 at the official mint of Prague and with requested permission. Only high-quality coins were produced in limited numbers for representative purposes.

Thaler 1677, Prague.   Ø ? mm, 29,14 g.   Doneb.3842; Holzmair 74; Dav.3413.
Obv.:   FR:IO:SCHLIK - COM:A·PASSAN  -  The four-part coat of arms with family coat of arms as a heart shield, above it in clouds St. Anne with baby Jesus and St. Mary.
Crowned Bohemian coat of arms with imperial orb on crowned double eagle.
In the description of this piece, E. Holzmair mentions a fleece chain around the Bohemian coat of arms.
See an enlarged detail view. Note also the incorrect orientation of the fire steels to the
fire stones (flints) in the chain and the unrecognisable fleece.

Taler 1716, Prague.   Ø 42-43 mm, 28,81 g.   Doneb.3845; Holzmair 78; Dav.1195.
On the occasion of his second wedding, 2112 pieces issued.

Obv.:   FRANC·IOS·SCHLICK·COM·A BASSAN·& WEISK·  -  Crowned coat of arms Weißkirchen/Bassano, family coat of arms as central shield. Above in clouds Mary, Christ and Mother Anna. Date 17 - 16 in the field.
Rev.:   CAROL VI D·G·ROM·IMP· - S·A·GER·HISP·HU·B·REX·  -  Crowned and nimbed double-headed eagle, crowned escutcheon on the breast, heart emblem of Bohemia.
Around the order chain with inconspicuously attached fleece.
Below in a cartouche F-S (Ferdinand Scharf, int master).
Franz Joseph Schlick was not a holder of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Leopold Schlick (1663-1723)
- 1721: second and last holder of the Order of the Golden Fleece from the House of Schlick -
Leopold became supreme chancellor in Bohemia in 1712, but did not coin.
Franz Heinrich, 1740-1766 Count of Bassano and Weißkirchen
Franz Heinrich (*1696) was Franz Josef's nephew and successor, colonel marshal in Bohemia and loyal supporter of Maria Theresa during the Bohemian kingship of Karl Albert of Bavaria. In 1759 he was allowed to have 2000 florins each minted in talers and ducats in Prague. They do not show the Order of the Fleece.
Leopold Heinrich 1766-1770 Count of Bassano and Weißkirchen
Leopold Heinrich (*1729) was Franz Heinrich's son and successor, Privy Councillor and Ministerial Bancodeputation Vice-President. His thalers and ducats minted in Prague in 1767 also show no Order of the Fleece and end Schlick's mintage.

Schwarzenberg is a Franconian noble family that acquired the Schwarzenberg castle and dominion in the Steigerwald (between Würzburg and Bamberg) in 1405/21. Später kamen Besitzungen in Südböhmen, Krain, Steiermark und Gimborn (im Bergischen Land, Westfalen) hinzu. The Princely House provided many important military leaders, diplomats and administrative experts and had been based in Vienna since the 17th century (Palais Schwarzenberg). In 1806, the territories located in Germany were mediatised, the Baden possessions were sold and the Bavarian ones continued. The Bohemian property was diminished in 1918/1940, lost in 1945 and partially restituted in 1989.
Johann Adolf I., 1641-1683, 1670 1st Prince of Schwarzenberg
Johann Adolf (*1615) was the grandson of Adolf (†1600), the reconqueror of the fortress of Raab from the hands of the Turks. Johann Adolf awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1650, attained the status of Imperial Prince in 1670, the elevation of his lordship of Schwarzenberg to a princely county and also the right to mint coins in 1671.

Ducat 1682, Vienna.   Ø 23 mm, 3,45 g.   Tannich 1; Friedb.(Bohemia) 121.
Obv.:   ·IO·AD·D·G·PRINceps·SCHWARTZENBERGicus·   -   Bust in armour to the right
with folded cloak and the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Rev.:   ·Baro·IN HOhenlandsberg·Dominus·IN GIMborn - MVRau·WITtgenau·FRAVenburg·ETc
Crowned coat of arms, around the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece, above the date 16 - 82.
The coat of arms originally consisted of four stripes. The addition - Turk's head with a raven pecking out its eyes - comes from Baron Adolf (†1600), who led the reconquest of the Raab fortress in the Turkish Wars. Compare the coat of arms drawn in 1792, shown by Wikipedia.

Thaler 1682, Vienna.   Ø ca.41 mm, 28,81 g.   Tannich 2; Dav.7699.
Similar as before.

Ferdinand Wilhelm Eusebius, 1683-1703 2nd Prince of Schwarzenberg
Ferdinand (*1652) was a son of Prince Johann Adolph. During the siege of Vienna by the Turks in 1683, Ferdinand took care of the provisioning of the population. In 1685 he was appointed High Court Marshal by the Emperor and in 1688 he was admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Ducat 1693, Vienna.   Ø 22 mm, 3,45 g.   Tannich 5; Friedb.(Böhmen)123.
Armoured bust right, folded cloak and medal chain with Golden Fleece.
Crowned quartered coat of arms surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Thaler 1696, Kremnitz.   Ø 45 mm, 29,11 g.   Tannich 11; Dav.7702.
On his marriage to Maria Anna, heiress of the Landgraviate of Sulz (Klettgau).

Obv.:   FERDINAND - ET MARIA·ANNA·  -  The bust images of the couple side by side to the right.
The coat of arms of Schwarzenberg and Sulz side by side on a double-crowned ermine coat,
below ·M·I·M· (Martin Josef Mayerl, die cutter), above the year 1696.
Both coats of arms hung with a order chain and jewellery respectively.
Maria Anna von Sulz had three red spikes in her coat of arms, augmented with the flamed tree stump of the Brandis family. The three golden sheaves in the heart shield of the coat of arms are the sign for Kleggau.

Thaler 1697, Cologne, coined for the lordship of Gimborn.  Ø 40 mm, 29,18 g.  Tannich 14; Dav.7703.
Obv.:   FERD:D:G:PRinceps.a SCHWARTZENBERG.DOMinus.In.GIMborn.MURau.Wittigenau.Frauenberg.
Armoured bust r. with draped cloak and the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece on the breast.
Rev.:   ·MON.NOV.ARG·16 - 97·GIMBORNRNSIS·  -  Crowned coat of arms, around it the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece, to the sides the divided mintmaster's signature P - N, above to the sides the divided date 16 - 97, below in italic letters 'Reichs-Fues' ("imperial mint law").
The lordship of Gimborn is located in the Bergisches Land east of Cologne and came to Wilhelm zu Schwarzenberg by marriage in 1550.

Adam Franz, 1703-32 3rd Prince of Schwarzenberg
Adam Franz (*1680), son of Prince Ferdinand Wilhelm Eusebius, became Imperial Chamberlain and Privy Councillor and from 1711 Supreme Court Marshal, in 1712 he received the Order of the Fleece and from 1722 he was finally Supreme Stable Master. In 1723, Krumau (South Bohemia), which had been retained after the Eggenbergs died out in 1719, was elevated to the status of the Duchy of Krumau. Adam Franz died of a gunshot wound after a hunt with the emperor.

Thaler 1721, Vienna.   Ø 42 mm, ca.29 g.   Tannich 18; Dav.2773.
Obv.:   ADAMUS·FRANCISC: - Dei:Gratia:Sacri:Romani:Imperii:PRINCEPS·
Armoured bust right, with drapery, wig and fleece order.
Rev.:   IN·SCHWARZBERG·LANDG:IN·CLEGGOVia   "... Landgrave of Klettgau"
Coat of arms on a crowned cartouche surrounded by a chain of the Order of the Fleece. Date 17 - 21.
The landgraviate of Klettgau (Cleggovia) on the Upper Rhine had fallen to Scharzenberg via Adam Franz's grandmother Maria Anna von Sulz.
Final coat of arms of the Schwarzenberg family: :
  1: Mainland in Franconia (4 strips)
  2: County of Sulz (three peaks)
  3: Lordship Brandis (flamed tree stump)
  4: Addition to the motherland (head with raven)
Central coat of arms:
  left: for the ancestral land (tower on mountain)
  right: for Klettgau (three sheaves)

Josef Adam, 1732-82 4th Prince of Schwarzenberg
Josef Adam (*1722), son of Prince Adam Franz Karl, awarded the Order of the Fleece in 1732 at the age of 10 after the death of his father and reached high office under Empress Maria Theresa.

Thaler 1741, Vienna.   Ø 41 mm, 29,15 g.   Tannich 39; Dav.2775
Obv.:   IOSEPH·D.G·Sacri·Romani·Imperii·PRINceps·IN·SCHWARZENBERG  -  Armoured and draped bust with Order of the Fleece r., below B (Philipp Christoph Becker, stamp cutter in Vienna).
Rev.:   LANDGRavius·IN·CLEGGOVia·COMes·IN·SULZ·DUX·CRUMlovii  -  Oval quartere coat of arms with heart shield and attached order of Fleece on crowned armorial cloak, in the field 17 - 41.
The landgraviate of Klettgau (Cleggovia) on the Upper Rhine had fallen to Scharzenberg via Josef Adam's grandmother Maria Anna von Sulz.

Convention Thaler 1766, Nuremberg.   Ø 40 mm, 28,00 g.   Tannich 41; Dav.2776.
Inscriptions as before.

Obv.:   Bust in armour r. with folded cloak and the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece,
on the arm section the signature ŒXLEIN of the die cutter.

Rev.:   Four-field coat of arms with heart shield in decorated cartouche on crowned mantle, around the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Exergue: X EINE FEINE MARK / 17 - 66 / mint mark.
According to archival records, a total of 820 specimens of these thalers were minted.

Ducat 1768, Vienna.   Ø 21 mm, 3,49 g.   Tannich 42; Friedb.128.
with a rejuvenated bust.

Johann Nepomuk, 1782-89 5th Prince of Schwarzenberg
Johann Nepomuk (*1742), son of Prince Joseph I, awarded the Order of the Fleece in 1782, did not occupy any important position at the Viennese Imperial Court but devoted himself to agriculture and forestry.

10 ducats 1783, Venna.   Ø 41 mm, 34,90 g.   Tannich 46; Friedb.129.
Obv.:   IOH·D·G·S·R·I·PRINCEPS IN SCHWARZENBERG·  -  Bust rght with folded coat,
below V-F- (= Vinazer fecit, die cutter J. Vinazer).

Rev.:   LANDG·IN CLEG·COM·IN SVLZ·DVX·CRVM·1783·  -  Crowned and decorated coat of arms with central shield, around it the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

20 kreuzer 1783, Vienna.   Ø 27 mm, ca.6,7 g.   Tannich 47.
Obv.:   IOH·D·G·S·R·I·PRINCEPS IN SCHARZENBERG·  -  Bust right with folded coat,
below the signature V·F· (= Vinazer fecit, sie cutter J. Vinazer) and value numeral 20.


Tannich, A. :   Die Münzen und Medaillen der Fürsten zu Schwarzenberg, in: Schwarzenbergisches Jahrbuch 1938, Oberplan 1938, S.51-150, 25 Tf.

The Sinzendorf family comes from Kirchdorf at the Krems in Upper Austria. The Sinzendorf were raised to the rank of barons in 1610, to the rank of imperial counts in 1653 and to the rank of imperial princes in 1803.
Georg Ludwig 1648-1681 Count of Sinzendorf
Georg Ludwig (*1616) entered imperial service in 1648. He was appointed President of the Court Chamber by Leopold I in 1657 and awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1663. In this position, which he held for more than twenty years, he exhausted all possibilities with great intemperance in order to enrich himself personally. It was later calculated that he had caused the state around 2 million guilders in damages. In 1680 he was put on trial for "abuse of authority, perjury, theft, embezzlement and extortion". He was spared the consequences, however, as he died in the same year.

Thaler 1676, Vienna.   Ø 43 mm, ca.28,2 g.   Holzmair 84; Dav.3414.
Bust to the right, with wig, cap, Fleece necklace, armour with cloak.
Rev.:   ◆Sacri◆Romani◆Imperii◆THESAVRarius - ◆Aurei◆Velleris◆E Ques◆1676◆
"Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire, Knight of the Golden Fleece"
Crowned multi-field coat of arms beginning with Sinzendorf (three cuboids), surrounded by the fleece chain.
Centre shield: above the imperial crown for the imperial treasury, below three cuboids (tribal coat of arms).

Philipp Ludwig (1671-1742) Count of Sinzendorf
- son of Georg Ludwig -
After the death of his elder brother, Philipp Ludwig (*1671) switched from the clerical to the military career and quickly gained the favour of Emperor Charles VI, who employed him as an ambassador and foreign politician and made him a Knight of the Golden Fleece in 1712 on the occasion of the opening of the Austrian Order of Knights.

Ducat 1726, Vienna.   Ø 21 mm, 3,39 g.   Holzmair 86; Friedb.3290.
Obv.:   PHILIP·LUD.COM· - A SINZENDORFF  -  Bust right.
Crowned coat of arms surrounded by the Golden Fleece Order.
The ancestral coat of arms remains supplemented with the increase obtained from his father
as hereditary treasurer.

Johann Wilhelm 1742-1766 Count of Sinzendorf
- son of Philipp Ludwig -
Johann Wilhelm (*1697) was Imperial Privy Councillor, Grand of Spain, from March 1718 Councillor to the Government of Milan and the Netherlands. In 1744 he was admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Ducat 1753, Nuremberg.   Ø mm, 3,50 g.   Holzmair 87; Fried.3291.
Draped bust to the right, below PPW (P. P. Werner, die cutter).
Rev.:   S·R·I·HÆRED·THE· - SAURARIUS·1753·   -   Coat of arms on crowned heraldic cartouche surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Fleece. Below C· - G·L· (Laufen, mint master in Nuremberg).

The Trautson family originated in Tyrol. In 1572 Emperor Maximilian II. sold Falkenstein Castle and Lordship in Lower Austria to his Obersthofmeister Hans Freiherr von Trautson (1507-1589), who served Emperors Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and Rudolf II for 60 years and acquired significant property in Tyrol and Lower Austria.

Paul Sixtus of Falkenstein 1589-1621
Paul Sixtus (* ca.1548), son of Hans Trautson, grew up at the Viennese court and became the most powerful favourite of Emperor Rudolf II, who raised him to the rank of Count of Falkenstein. From Emperor Mathias he received the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1612 and the right to mint coins in 1615, which he initially exercised at Falkenstein Castle. When land unrest broke out in 1619, he moved his mint to Vienna with imperial permission, where he ran the mint as a lucrative business.

Thaler n. d., Falkenstein.   Ø 41? mm, 27,57 g.   Holzmair p.57/58; Dav.3426.
Quartered coat of arms with heart arms, around the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Rev.:   IN FALKENSTEIN· - AVREI·VELLeris EQVES·   "... in Falkenstein, Ritter des Goldenen Vlies"
Nimbed double-headed eagle, imperial crown with inful above, crown below.

The 4 fields of the coat of arms: Emperor Rudolf II (crowned double-headed eagle), Falkenstein (falcon on rocks), Sprechenstein in Tyrol (cock on rocks), Schrofenstein in Tyrol (capricorn).
Heart arms: Trautson (horseshoe).

Thaler 1617, Vienna.   Ø 41 mm, ca.28,6 g.   Holzmair p.57/58; Dav.3416.
Bust to the right with hat and chain with the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Rev.:   IN·FALKENSTEIN· - AVREI·VELLeris·EQVES   "..., Knight of the Golden Fleece"
Crowned, four-field coat of arms with heart arms, around it the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece,
to the sides the divided year 16 - 17, above crowned double-headed eagle.

Thaler 1620 Vienna.   Ø ca.42 mm, 28,75 g.   Holzmair p.57/58; Dav.3425.

Johann Franz
Johann Franz (*1609 †1663) lost his father Paul Sixtus at the age of 11 and was educated at the Viennese court together with the future Emperor Ferdinand III. When he received the Order of the Fleece in 1653, he had already stopped minting in 1639.

Franz Eusebius
Franz Eusebius (†1728) was the son of Johann Franz. His minting activity no longer shows the "monetary character" of his predecessors [Holzmair]. It took place on a limited scale as with the later Austrian New Princes. He was not awarded the Order of the Fleece.

Thaler 1715, Vienna.   Ø 43 mm, ca.29 g.   Holzmair 95; Dav.1200.
Obv.:   ·FRANC·EUSEB·TRAVTHSON COM·IN FALKHENSTAIN   -   Bust with wig and coat.
Quartered coat of arms (1: Imperial eagle as sign of grace, 2: Falkenstein, 3: Sprechenstein,
4: Schroffenstein) with ancestral coat of arms (horseshoe) as heart coat of arms,
surrounded by 5 helmets. On the side: 17 - 15.

Johann Leopold Donat
Johann Leopold Donat (*1659 †1724) was the younger brother of Franz Eusebius, and became tutor to the future Emperor Joseph I. In 1698 Johann Leopold received the Order of the Golden Fleece. When Joseph I ascended the throne in 1705, he made his confidant Johann Leopold Lord Chamberlain and appointed him, together with Prince Eugene, to the Geheime Konferenz (Secret Session), the most important governmental body. In 1711, a few weeks before his untimely death, the Emperor elevated him to the rank of Imperial Prince. By 1712 he had the Palais Trautson built as a sign of his new dignity. Emperor Charles VI again appointed him Lord Chamberlain in 1721.

Thaler 1719, Vienna (?).   Ø 41 mm, 28,53 g.   Holzmair 98; Dav.1201.
Obv.:   IOannes LEOPoldus Sacri Romani Imperii PRINCEPS - TRAVTSON COMes IN FALKENSTEIN
Draped bust with Fleece Order to the right.
Rev.:   AVRei VELLeris EQVes Sacre Caesareae & CATholicae MAIestatis INTIMus - & CONFERENTiarum CONSILIARius 1719   -   Fivefold helmeted and crowned, qurtered coat of arms with heart arms,
attached fleece chain on crest mantle.

Albrecht of Wallenstein, 1625-1634 Duke of Friedland
Born 1583, 1627 also Duke of Sagan, 1629 Duke of Mecklenburg, murdered 1634.
In 1628 Albrecht was awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece by King Philip IV of Spain. Emperor Ferdinand II had sought the award when Albrecht's importance was still rising.
As one of the "early new princes", Albrecht of Wallenstein was able to exercise the right to mint coins, which he obtained in 1628, in his own mints for profit.

As Duke of Friedland and Sagan (1628-29)

Thaler 1728, Jitschin in Friedland.   Ø 41 mm, 28.98 g.   Meyer119; Poley 70; Dav.3443.
Bust to the right, with standing collar, drapery attached to right shoulder (lion's head). Below date 1728.
Prince's hat over heraldic eagle of the Duchy of Friedland in double frame. On the breast the squared Wallenstein shield. Tiny imperial orb over princely hat.
The family coat of arms of the Lords of Waldstein consisted of a lion. Around 1500 it was squared to form four lions. In 1622, Albrecht of Wallenstein received a crowned eagle as the coat of arms of Friedland, on which he then placed his family coat of arms.

In 1628 Albrecht von Wallenstein was admitted to the Order of the Golden Fleece.

1/2 Thaler 1629, Sagan.   Ø 39 mm, 14,33 g.   Meyer 208; Poley 154.
Obv.:   ❀ALBERTVS D:G DVX FRIDFLANDIÆ ET SAGANÆ   -   Bust from front.
Rev.:   SACRI:ROMAni:IMPERii (S):PRINCEPS ANNO1629⚒   (⚒ = crossed zain hooks, mintmaster's mark)  -  Crowned eagle left, surmounted by the crowned coat of arms, surrounded by the Fleece chain. Eagle's tail between I - Z (Johann Ziesler, mint leaseholder in Sagan 1628).
After the acquisition of the Duchy of Sagan and the Flinsberg dominion, the coat of arms was supplemented:
above winged angel for Sagan, below crowned double-tailed lion for Flinsberg.

3 Kreuzer 1629, Sagan.   Ø 20 mm, 1,60 g.   Meyer 222; Poley 155.
Obv.:   ALBERTVS D:G (3) DVX FRID ET SA· (Mm. strip hook)  -  Bust from front.
Rev.:   SACRI·RO:IM (S) PRINCEPS I629  -  Eagle left, surmounted by coat of arms as before.

As Duke of Friedland, Sagan and Mecklenburg (1629-33)

10 ducats 1631, Jitschin (date changed in the die from 1630).   Ø 37 mm, 34,59 g.  Friedb.142.
Obv.:   ALBERT·D·G·DVX·MEGApolitanus - FRIDlandiae·ET·SAGani·PRinceps·VANdalorum·
Portrait in armour almost from the front with folded cloak, above the mintmark rosette between tendrils (Konrad Freibösen, mintmaster in Jitschin 1630-1633), below in the inscription the mintmaster's mark lion left in a circle of pearls (Sebastian Steinmüller, mintmaster in Jitschin 1630-1634).
Rev.:   COMes:SVErini·DOminus:ROStochii: - ET·STARGARdiae:1631
Eight-field coat of arms covered with a princely hat (top: Mecklenburg / Friedland / Sagan and Flinsberg / middle: Wenden / squared family coat of arms of Wallenstein / Schwerin / below: Rostock / Stargard), around it the chain of the Order with the Golden Fleece with widely spreading sparks, the fleece reaching into the inscription.
The title goes over both sides of the coin and reads: "by the grace of God Duke of Mecklenburg, Friedland and Sagan, Prince of the Vandals, Count of Schwerin, Lord of Rostock and Stargard"
The coat of arms from 1629 extended to 8 fields in three rows:
1. Mecklenburg (Buffalo head with nose ring), 2. Friedland (crowned eagle), 3. Sagan (angel with stamped arms) / Flinsberg (walking lion), 4. Wenden (buffalo head to right), 5. family coat of arms (4 lions), 6. Schwerin (divided), 7. Rostock (griffin), 8. Stargard (arm out of cloud holding a ring with diamond).

• Heino Poley :  Albrecht von Wallenstein, Herzog von Friedland und seine Münzen, Stuttgart 2014, 150 p.
• Adolph Mayer :  Albrecht von Wallenstein (Waldstein) Herzog von Friedland und seine Münzen,
    NZ 17 (1885) 417-522, reprint 1977 and online.
• Sincona, Zürich :  Auction 28 (5.2016) lots 1-111, online at SIXBID


This page was translated from German using (free version).

Order of the Golden Fleece on coins and medals
1. Sovereigns of the Order
Part 1a :   Philip the Good - Emperor Charles V
Part 1b :  King Philip II - Spanish / Austrian branch
2. Appointed knights
Part 2a :  Baden, Bavaria, Brunswick & Lueneburg,
Palatinate, Palatinate-Neuburg, Palatinate-Bavaria, Fürstenberg
Part 2b :  Poland, Saxony, Rietberg, Wuerttemberg
Part 2c :  Italy, Spain, ..., Transylvania
Part 2d :  Austrian new princes

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